Stem cells can be categorised according to their origin and type of functional cells produced.²
Among them are haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), the two most commonly researched adult stem cells. HSCs produce all the blood and immune system cells and were first identified in bone marrow. MSCs are found in many parts of the body, including bone marrow, muscle, bone, fat and other organs.
These important adult stem cells, in their best shape, can be found in umbilical cord blood and cord tissue. They have the greatest and most effective ability to produce different human tissues. When banking cord blood, the cord blood and cord tissue collection is carried out with ease and with no risk to mother or child. They are cryopreserved to maintain maximum viability and functionality.
Scientific studies have shown that the tissue surrounding the three blood vessels in the umbilical cord (connecting the foetus to the mother) contain important, excellent quality stem cells ideal for cord blood banking. The substance, called Wharton’s Jelly, is a rich source of mesenchymal stem cells which are responsible for the formation of bone, cartilage and other types of connective tissue cells in our bodies.³
CryoSave has developed cord blood banking technology to preserve the cord blood and cord tissue with the purpose to use this rich source of stem cells in medical therapy.